Birthright's Eight Biophilic Values

ATTRACTION: appreciation of the aesthetic appeal of nature, from a superficial sense of the pretty to a profound realization of beauty.

REASON: the desire to know and intellectually comprehend the world, from basic facts to more complex understanding.

AVERSION: antipathy toward and sometimes fearful avoidance of nature.

EXPLOITATION: the desire to utilize and materially exploit the natural world.

AFFECTION: emotional attachment, including a love of nature.

DOMINION: the urge to master and control the natural environment.

SPIRITUALITY: the pursuit of meaning and purpose through connection to the world beyond our selves.

SYMBOLISM: the symbolic representation of nature through image, language, and design.


(from Stephen Kellert's Birthright)
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